Across Asia, poorly planned projects for dams, highways, railways and monoculture plantations have sliced and diced prime breeding habitat as well as linking corridors for tigers and migratory routes for elephants, increasing conflict between wildlife and marginalised rural communities.
Illegal and unsustainable mining is the worst offender, with vast swathes of forest felled; mining leaves huge craters and causes massive disturbance, with ground water drained, water and soil polluted in order to extract valuable minerals, oil and gas.
The loss of forest and the consequent impact on water security, soil erosion, and the knock-on effect on river siltation and flooding, also exacerbates the hardship on both communities in the immediate vicinity and further downstream.
EIA has successfully campaigned for the closure of illegal soapstone and sandstone mines inside Jamwa Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary in India, where soapstone was being extracted to make talcum powder for leading international cosmetic companies.
With partners in India, we have lobbied for the clean-up of diamond mine operations on the edge of Panna Tiger Reserve, and supported our colleagues at Kudremukh National Park to stop the iron ore mining.
Right now, EIA is keeping a close eye on emerging threats to India’s tiger and elephant forests from the coal and bauxite industry.
Back in 2003 EIA investigated the growth of fences in Botswana that were having a detrimental affect on the migratory routes of many species.